手把手教你给食虫植物喂食

By | 2016年1月11日

Feeding—Dried Blood Worms Step-by-Step

原址:http://www.carnivorousplants.org/howto/Feeding/FeedingDBWSBS.php

Its pretty cool seeing carnivorous plants hunt by themselves. The food chain doesn’t stand anymore. It’s evolution at his peak. Seeing a plant eating meat is outstanding. After seeing this once, you want to learn more for sure. Evolution just makes marvelous things. With odors, chemicals, amazing color designs and forms, stunning textures and ingenious tricks, a plant can catch and eat little animals! From nematodes for Genlisea, to little birds or rats for Nepenthes.

看食虫植物自己捕食是件很酷的事情。食物链不是静态的。现在是它演化的巅峰。看一株植物吃东西时非常好的,在看过它吃东西之后你会学到更多进化只是做了件奇妙的事情。气味,化学物质,惊讶的颜色和外观,惊人的纹理和巧妙的技巧,从捕食线虫的螺旋狸藻到捕食小鸟和老鼠的猪笼草,一棵植物可以捕捉并吃掉小型的动物!(译注:哇,好-厉-害-啊)

The way carnivorous plants eat and capture their prey varies a lot. You have pitchers, snap traps, sticky leaves, and some others. If you grow one or many carnivorous plants inside, or like me in a terrarium, the plants will not be able to catch anything, or very rarely. Feeding with dried blood worms (DBW) is a very good method of manual feeding. With a single product, a little bottle you keep next to your growing setup, you can feed the most picky and fragile plants. We will concentrate on Dionaea muscipula, the Venus fly trap (VFT). It is the most well known carnivorous plant.

食虫植物的消化方式和捕捉方式不尽相同。他们有装水的笼子,夹子陷阱,黏黏的叶子,还有其他各种途径。如果你有一种或多种食虫植物向我一样被装在玻璃容器中,植物会几乎什么都抓不到。喂食红虫(译注:是养鱼钓鱼用的摇蚊幼虫)时一种人工喂养的好方法。

Here are seedling VFTs who are very hungry. Manual feeding of theses little plants is pretty easy and cheap. And if you feed them once a week, 1 or 2 traps on each seedling, you will dramatically increase the growing speed. The results can be VERY spectacular!

这是准备要进行喂食的饥肠辘辘的捕蝇草,人工下喂食这些小植株还是便宜又容易的,如果你每周喂食1次,每次喂食1-2个夹子,你会发现他们生长的速度剧增,那结果将会使非常壮观的。

VFTs normally will only eat live food. We can trick them into eating dried blood worms, a kind of fish food.

捕蝇草一般只吃活的食物,我们可以欺骗他们去吃一种给鱼吃的红虫。 Dried Blood Worms

You can buy a little container (5 to 10 grams) of dried blood worms (DBW) for under $10 at pet shops. This amount is have enough food for a few years.

你可以在宠物商店(译注:花鸟市场)花10刀(译注:这是美帝标准,我们这边请看淘宝)购买到买少少一罐(5-10克,译注:反正我买了650克,1层花房植物喂了4个月至用了三分之一到四分之一)红虫干,这个量够用1年多。

Before buying, look at the back of the container in the ingredients listing. Don’t buy the product if you see something other than dried blood worms. Some DBW brands have additives that can damage your plants.

在买之前,请注意容器背后的说明清单,没有什么除了红虫之外的什么奇怪的东西。一些红虫干的添加剂会伤害到你的植物。

Theses little “worms” are really non-biting midge larvae. The adults look something like mosquitos. The larvae where frozen and then vacuum dried.

这些小小的虫子是摇蚊幼虫。他们的成体看起来像蚊子一样(译注:百度搜索“摇蚊”有真相)。这是将它们冻干后的幼虫。

Tools

All you need to feed your VFTs, beside the DBW, are a couple of toothpicks and forceps.

你需要给你的捕蝇草除了红虫干以外,还要有一对牙签和镊子。

Dry

Like you can see, these worms are 100% dead little insects, very rich in protein.

如你所见,这些已经完全隔屁的小虫子,拥有非常丰富的蛋白质。

Wet

The first step is rehydrate the DBWs. This will mimic a real living insect. All you have to do is add a little bit of water to some “worms”. Don’t add water in the pot! Put a little quantity of worm on the pot cover or little dish and then add water. One or two drops is enough.

第一步是将它水化。这将模仿一个真的昆虫。你要做的就是给这些虫子加点水,不用加太多!只需要把虫子放在器皿上,然后滴上1-2滴水就够了.

For feeding Pinguicula, it is best to grind the worms into powder. We will discuss that way of feeding later on this page.

给捕虫堇喂食最好是将虫磨成粉末,我们会在之后讨论这个问题。

The result is a little meat ball. With this quantity, you can feed a VFT army! Remove the extra water with a towel paper.

搞成坨小肉球,大概像这个样子的数量,你可以喂一个军团的捕蝇草,用纸巾吸去多余的水分。

Now its feeding time! Remove some DBWs from the meat ball with a toothpick. Be sure the piece is about 1/3 size of the trap you want to feed. A too of a big piece will work, but the trap will die after the digestion. And you don’t want this right?

然后就是喂食时间!从那坨东西上面用牙签拨点出来。务必记得量大约是要喂的夹子的三分之一的大小。太大也不是说不能喂,只是夹子会死于消化之后,你不希望变成这样,对吧?

A normal healthy trap can reopen 3 or 4 times, and I like to feed always the same trap. That method will result as a better looking plant. With the toothpick, put the DBW piece into the trap and touch the inside trigger hairs a few times.

一个健康的夹子可以重新打开3-4次,所以我喜欢喂食不同的夹子,这方法就会让整盆植物看起来很好(译注:总的来说就是会让B52长成风流小姐的程度,喂食过的夹子会向外翻开),用牙签把那团红虫放入夹子中,再去触碰纤毛几次。

The trap will close. Remove the toothpick. Remember, VFT traps work in 2 phases; a closing phase and a sealing phase. Without the sealing, no digestion will occur.

然后夹子会关上,拿走牙签,别忘了捕蝇草的夹子有2个工作阶段——一个是关上阶段,一个密封阶段。未进入密封阶段是不会进行消化的,没进入消化就没什么卵用。

Now the phase 1 is completed, the trap is closed. You can easily see here that the trap is not sealed, but only closed.

现在第一阶段完成,夹子已经完成关闭,你可以看到夹子只是关上还未密封起来。

Now take the forceps and just press each side of the trap, very softly, to help the trap closing more tighter. If you press too hard with the forceps, the trap will be damaged.

现在用镊子夹住夹子两侧,轻轻按压,帮助夹子闭合得更紧。如果你按得非常用力,夹子会受伤。

The next step is to wait 30 minutes to 1 hour. Then use the forceps to press each side again.

下一个步骤是等待30分钟到1个小时之后。再次用镊子按压夹子两侧。

Some people have success pressing the trap harder with their fingers immediately after feeding. This saves having to come back and press it again later. It can also damage leaves.

一些人用手指用力按压成功让它们密封了,但想要让夹子再次进食就更难了。用力按是省去了再次按压的麻烦,但是这么按可能是损坏叶片之后打不开造成的密封。

What you see here is a completely sealed trap! When a trap captures a living insect, its not a instant death. The little prey will continue to touch the trigger hairs again and again trying to escape. The trap will press a little more to suffocate the insect until it is completely sealed.

这里可以看到一个完全密封的夹子!当家子捕捉到活的昆虫的时候,昆虫不会立刻死亡。小猎物接下来会尝试逃跑,在尝试逃跑的过程中会相继触发夹子的“机关”。夹子会合得更紧直至密封。

If you don’t stimulate the trap enough for it to seal, it will reopen after 24 hours and the DBWs will remain undigested. If that happens put a drop of water in the trap to remoisten the DBWs, then trigger and squeeze the trap again.

如果你按得不足以使夹子进入消化,夹子会在24小时之后打开,红虫将不会被消化。如果遇到了这个情况,给干掉的红虫滴上一滴水,然后再一次触发和挤压夹子。

Now the seedlings are much bigger, in a very short time. These are 5 month old “seedlings”. Like I said, with this is a feeding technique where you can help your plants reach an amazing growing speed. If you keep going that way, you can obtain adult flowering plants in less than a year!

然后再很短的时间里边植株会长得非常大,这是5个月大的植株。就像我说的那样,这是一个喂养技术,你可以帮助你的植物达到一个惊人的增长速度。如果你这样继续喂养下去可以在不到1年的时间里让它成为可以开花的成体。

Of course, you should keep feeding your adult plants with dried blood worms. Your plant will be extremely well fed and will push a lot of tiny plants at the base.

当然,你可以继续喂给你的成年植株红虫。植株会变得非常饱满,并且会产生很多的分株。

If you don’t have forceps, you can press your traps with a couple of toothpicks or your fingers.

如果你没有镊子,你可以用牙签或者手指按压。

Almost all carnivorous plants can be fed with DBW. This is a Drosera with rehydrated worms on the leaves. If the temperature is warm enough, the Drosera will curve the leaf over the DBWs in 30 minutes. No stimulation is needed.

几乎所有的食虫植物都可以用红虫来喂肥,这是将红虫放在一株茅膏菜的叶子上。如果温度合适,茅膏菜会在30分钟内卷起叶子,不需要做任何的人工措施。

With Cephalotus, the technique is a little bit different. Put 2 or 3 tiny dried worms on the cover of the pot, and grind them to make powder. Dip a toothpick in water, touch the dust with it and bring tiny pieces of DBW dust into the pitcher.

土瓶草喂食方式有点不同,要放2-3个小虫干到器皿中,然后磨成粉。用牙签沾点水,再沾点粉后放入瓶子中。

Same dusting method is used for Heliamphora, Pinguicula,Stylidium, Sarracenia purpurea and Nepenthes.

同样的方法可以使用于太阳瓶子草属,捕虫堇属,花柱草属,紫瓶子草属,猪笼草属。 Here I feed a Heliamphora minor. After the operation, you will see a little dust cloud in the water of the Heliamphora pitcher.

这里是我给小太阳瓶喂食。这个操作过后,你可以看到一点粉雾在瓶子中扩散开来。

Like you can see on this page, its a pretty easy way to feed your carnivorous plants. And very rewarding! DBW use is primary for beta fish. Its a very rich food, so you will notice a boost in the plants growing. I think you can call that thriving!

就像你在网页上看到的那样,它是一个非常简单的喂食食虫植物的方法,而且很有价值,红虫的主要用途是喂鱼,是非常有营养的食物,所以你会注意到它对植物的生长的促进作用,我想你可以叫它蓬勃发展。

— Francois Boulianne (Maiden)
本文链接地址:http://blog.windworkshop.net/?p=793 »文章允许转载 ,转载请注明出处,谢谢。

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